EPA | Emergency Spill Response

Emergency spill response is an important part of a company’s safety and health program. Well-prepared companies keep a plan of action and the appropriate cleanup supplies on hand in case. A simplified action plan for spill response might look like this:

  1. Evacuate personnel from the immediate area of the spill.
  2. Identify the spilled material(s).
  3. Notify the spill-response team.
  4. Barricade the spill area and notify others in the surrounding areas.
  5. Extinguish or disconnect all sources of ignition and contact the fire department if the chemical is flammable.
  6. Don the appropriate personal protective equipment.
  7. Contain the spill. We recommend our (Ready Spill Berm)
  8. Clean up the spill.
  9. Dispose of the spill in accordance with local, state, and federal regulations.

The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard (HazWOPER) contains requirements for cleanup operations; corrective actions involving cleanup operations; voluntary cleanup operations; operations conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal facilities; and emergency-response operations for hazardous wastes. The HazWOPER Standard, 29 CFR 1910.120, requires the following with regard to spill control:

  • (j)(1)(vii) U.S. Department of Transportation specified salvage drums or containers and suitable quantities of proper absorbent must be kept available and used in areas where spill, leaks or ruptures might occur.
  • (j)(1)(viii) Where major spills might occur, a spill-containment program, which is part of the employer’s safety and health program required in paragraph (b) of this section, must be implemented to contain and isolate the entire volume of the hazardous substance being transferred.

Give us a call for all your Spill Berm, Spill Containment Berms, and Portable Spill Berms Needs.

When developing a spill containment program, you should have certain tools on hand and ready to use in case an emergency spill occurs. Spill-containment tools can include spill berms, drain protectors, drain plugs, drum plugs, neutralizers, and sorbents.
Sorbent Forms
Booms are cylindrical and vary in length and width. Booms are used for the control and containment of spills. Some booms contain spills on water and can be connected together and deployed onto the water as a large spill barrier.
Socks or mini booms are cylindrical and vary in length and width. This form of sorbent is typically used in facility spill response or maintenance applications. Socks can be used to contain spills or can be placed around machinery or other equipment to contain leaks.
Pillows are rectangular and filled with sorbent media. They’re used to clean up medium-sized spills. Place pillows under drip pan to eliminate overflow problems or use as a precaution for a possible spill when transferring liquids.
Pads and sorbent rolls are flat, sorbent sheets available in rolls, perforated rolls, or manufactured to a specific size, up to 300 feet long. Pads can be used to line shelves, catch leaks under machinery, and clean up spills. Rolls can be cut to specific lengths for larger applications.
Loose or particulate sorbents are composed of sorbent media that are not contained in any type of pillow or mesh. The application of loose sorbents depends on the type of sorbent media used. Loose sorbents are typically used on small spills.
Sorbent Categories
The three categories of sorbents are universal, petroleum, and maintenance. These categories are made up of several sorbent materials, including synthetics such as polypropylene; inorganic materials, such as expanded silicates and clay; and organic materials, such as cellulose and wood fibres.
Universal sorbents are designed to absorb any liquid. They will absorb aggressive liquids such as acids and bases as well as non-aggressive liquids and solvents, such as cleaners, water-based fluids, gasoline, and alcohol. Universal sorbents are made of polypropylene or expanded silicate materials.
Note: When cleaning up hydrofluoric acid, do not use an expanded silicate absorbent, because the expanded silicate material will react with the hydrofluoric acid. Instead, use a sorbent made of polypropylene.
Petroleum sorbents or “oil-only sorbents” are designed for absorption of oil and/or petroleum-based liquids. These sorbents are hydrophobic, which means they will not absorb water or water-based liquids. These can be deployed on water surfaces for emergency cleanup of spills, or used in maintenance applications for hydraulic and engine-oil cleanup. Petroleum sorbents are made of polypropylene or treated cellulose.
Maintenance sorbents absorb non-aggressive liquids commonly found in manufacturing/maintenance operations. These liquids include coolants, lubricants, oils, and cutting fluids. Maintenance sorbents will pick up water-based as well as oil-based fluids. These sorbents are typically made of recycled materials, such as cotton, wool, cellulose, or corncob. They can also be made of polypropylene or a combination of the materials listed above.
Sorbent Capacity
Sorbent capacity can be listed by the amount of weight it will absorb in relation to itself, “Absorbs 12 times its weight,” or by its liquid capacity, “Absorbs 8 gal.” For example, if a boom weighs 1 lb. and absorbs 12 times its weight, it will absorb 12 pounds of fluid. However, since all liquids don’t weigh the same per gallon, the weight capacity of the sorbent actually varies from liquid to liquid. So perhaps a more accurate way to assess sorbent capacity is by how many gallons it will absorb or its liquid capacity. This amount will remain fairly static, regardless of the fluid weight. A boom that’s 4 ft. long and 3 in. dia. will typically absorb 1 to 1 gallon of liquid. A pad that measures 16″ x 20″ and is 3/16″ thick will absorb 28 to 32 fl. oz. Both of these examples are for polypropylene sorbents. Other materials may have different sorbent capacities.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between a Sock, a Dike and a Boom?

Socks are more moldable than dikes or booms. The skin is constructed of a lightweight, knit material. Socks are mainly used in maintenance applications for containing and absorbing liquids. Dikes do not mold or form around equipment as well as socks, but are more durable. Dikes are used for containing and absorbing small and large spills in open areas. Booms consist of a particulate-type absorbent covered with a porous fabric. Available in various diameters and lengths, booms are used for containing and absorbing large spills.

Where can I find information on determining the absorbency rate of sorbents?

Specially developed tests are used for calculating the sorbent-performance factors. The standard method of sorbent performance testing is described in detail in the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) standard F 716-82, the “Standard Methods of Testing Sorbent Performance of Adsorbents.” Oil and water adsorption strength, buoyancy, absorbency and reusability are some of the tests included in the standards.

Are there specific training requirements for personnel who respond to chemical spills?

Yes. These requirements may be found in 29 Code of Federal Regulations 1910.120, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response.

How do I store and dispose used absorbents?

The handling, storage and disposal of these materials is governed by local, state and/or federal environmental regulations. It is the end user’s responsibility to comply with the respective regulations

# Ready Containment’s Ready Spill Berms: Elevating EPA Emergency Spill Response Plans

## Introduction

When safeguarding our environment from hazardous spills, an effective Emergency Spill Response Plan is a necessity. One standout product that seamlessly integrates into such plans and exceeds expectations is Ready Containment’s Ready Spill Berms. This web page sheds light on how Ready Spill Berms serve as an essential tool in meeting and surpassing U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for spill containment and response.

## What Makes Ready Spill Berms Unique?

Ready Spill Berms are engineered to provide robust, reliable, and easy-to-use spill containment solutions. Made from high-grade, chemical-resistant materials, these berms are designed to withstand the toughest industrial applications. With an eye for detail and a commitment to quality, Ready Containment ensures that Ready Spill Berms meet the highest standards for spill prevention and containment.

## Aligning with EPA Emergency Spill Response Plans

### Rapid Deployment

In the crucial moments following a spill, immediate action is vital. Ready Spill Berms can be deployed in minutes, giving first responders a quick and efficient way to contain spills.

### Multi-Functional Use

Whether you’re dealing with chemicals, petroleum, or other hazardous materials, Ready Spill Berms are versatile enough to handle various substances, making them an excellent addition to any EPA Emergency Spill Response Plan.

### Compliance and Beyond

These berms not only meet but often exceed the secondary containment requirements outlined in the EPA’s SPCC (Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure) rule. This helps organizations stay compliant while also setting a higher standard for environmental safety.

### Cost-Effectiveness

Investing in Ready Spill Berms could significantly reduce the costs associated with spill clean-up, not to mention avoiding potential fines for non-compliance with EPA regulations.

## Types of Ready Spill Berms

1. **Foam Wall Ready Berms**: Ideal for quick responses to smaller spills.
2. **Aluminum Angle Ready Berms or “L” Brackets spill berms**: Designed for durability and suitable for heavy-duty industrial use.
3. **Inflatable Ready Berms**: Quickly inflated, these berms are excellent for emergency applications where time is of the essence.

## Maintenance and Training

Maintaining your Ready Spill Berms is straightforward, thanks to their durable construction and easy-to-clean materials. Additionally, Ready Containment offers comprehensive training modules to ensure that your team knows how to deploy and use the berms effectively.

## Conclusion

Ready Containment’s Ready Spill Berms are not just another item on your compliance checklist; they are an integral part of a comprehensive, effective, and robust EPA Emergency Spill Response Plan. With their quick deployment, versatility, and exceptional compliance standards, they represent a smart investment for any organization committed to environmental safety and regulatory compliance.

To learn more about how Ready Spill Berms can enhance your spill response strategy, contact our team of experts today.